Community Health Needs Assessment and Improvement Planning

What is a community health needs assessment?

A community health needs assessment (CHNA) is a community-driven method of systematically studying data to inform community decision-making and policy development in relation to health. CHNAs typically include data from well-established sources, as well as new data collected from residents through community input processes. In addition to serving as a useful tool for problem identification, CHNAs also become an instrument for evaluating community success in addressing priority health concerns.

What is a community health improvement plan?

A community health improvement plan (CHIP) is a community-wide strategic plan that is developed to respond to top health issues identified through the completion of a community health needs assessment (CHNA). CHIPs include goals, objectives, and strategies agreed upon by community partners that are employed to address top health concerns. Strategies are implemented over a 3- to 5-year time-frame and evaluated for community impact.

The Kent County Health Department utilizes the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) framework for the CHNA/CHIP cycle. More information about MAPP can be found here.

2020 Kent County Community Health Needs Assessment

2020 CHNA Report
Your feedback on this report or its contents is welcomed. Please send your written comments or requests for additional data to

2021 Community Health Improvement Plan

With the completion of the 2020 Kent County Community Health Needs Assessment, we enter the planning phase for the 2021-2023 Community Health Improvement Plan. If you or your organization are interested in being involved in the Community Health Improvement Planning process, please sign up to be notified of next steps.

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Strategic Priorities

  • Access to Health Care
  • Discrimination and Racial Inequity
  • Economic Security
  • Mental Health
  • Mental Health
  • Substance Use Disorder
  • Obesity and Poor Nutrition
  • Mental Health
  • Obesity and Poor Nutrition
  • Substance Use Disorder
  • Violence and Safety
  • Access to Affordable Healthcare
  • Reduce Disparity in Adequacy of Prenatal Care
  • Ensure Access to Healthy Foods
  • Reduce Disparities in Youth Risk and Protective Factors